Results for: Glossary

Absolute Strength

What is Absolute Strength?

Maximal strength; the amount of force generated for one all-out effort, irrespective of time or bodyweight, typically measured in terms of performance of a maximal, single repetition lift (one rep max [1RM]).

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What is Aerobic training?

Exercise that improves the efficiency of the body’s cardiovascular system in absorbing and transporting oxygen. Example: An hour of Cardio Kickbox or a 45 minute run without high intensity intervals.


What is Agility?

The ability to move or change direction quickly without a significant loss of speed or grace, combining power, strength, balance, flexibility, reaction time, coordination, anticipation, and muscular control.

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What are Alternatives?

Allowing all available possibilities; adapting a movement so that it is accessible or easier for someone. Example: A pushup made easier by dropping to knees or inverting.


What is Anaerobic training?

Exercise in an absence of oxygen to improve the performance of non-endurance sports involving fast twitch muscle fibers; promotes strength, speed, power, and building muscle mass. Example: A 1RM deadlift attempt or a 50 yard dash.


What is Balance?

The ability to control the body’s position, either stationary or in motion.

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What is Blitz?

An express class; a shortened, more intense version of an hour class, usually a 45 minute format. TRX Blitz is to TRX Bodyweight Burn, as Express Cycle is to Studio Cycle Mix.


What are Blocks?

A collection of exercises or movements that follow a focus and/or theme and are usually repeated.


What is Bootcamp?

An intensive, rigorous course of physical training.


What is BPM?

Beats Per Minute

Burning Out

What is Burning Out?

To deplete oneself or exhaust one’s resources physically. To wear oneself out by excessively striving to reach an expectation, usually in the form of high repetitions, resulting in the inability to sustain full ROM contractions; relating to anaerobic threshold, muscle fatigue, and taking a muscle to failure.


What is Choreography?

The ability to follow and remember a sequence of steps and movements in dance or tempo driven patterns in which motion, form, or both are specified.

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What is Concentric?

The motion of an active muscle or system of muscles as it shortens under load.


What is Coordination?

The ability to move smoothly and efficiently while controlling body movements in co-operation with the body’s sensory functions.

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What is Cycle?

To move or follow a repeated sequence of events, rounds. 2) To pedal on an outdoor or indoor bike.


What is Dynamic?

Any exercise that involves joint movement through either a full or partial range of motion.


What is Eccentric?

The motion of an active muscle or system of muscles as it lengthens under load.


What is Flexiblity?

The total allowable range of motion through a joint, and length in muscles that cross the joints involved.

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What is Flow?

Seamlessly moving from one movement/exercise to another. Often used to describe certain forms of yoga.


What is HIIT?

High Intensity Interval Training; a form of interval training that alternates short periods of intense anaerobic exercise with less-intense recovery periods; a form of cardiovascular conditioning. Example: Work to rest ratio of 1:4.


What is Intensity?

The measurable amount of physical exertion such as force, power, weight, contraction, or speed.

Interval Training

What is Interval Training?

Training in which you alternate between varying degrees of high and low intensity, typically requiring different rates of speed, degrees of effort, and degrees of recovery. Example: HIIT, X Train, Tabata, Fartlek, and timed intervals to name a few.


What is Isokinetic?

A type of resistance training in which muscular contraction has a constant rate of movement.


What is Isotonic?

Lifting a constant amount of weight at variable speeds or lifting an object at a constant speed through a full or partial range of motion; tension remains unchanged as muscle length changes.


What is Measurable?

Components of fitness that are capable of being measured both objectively and subjectively; to track rate and direction of progress.

Mental Cognition

What is Mental Cognition?

The mental process of acquiring knowledge and understanding through thought, experience, and the senses.

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What is Mobility?

The degree to which a joint is allowed to move without being restricted or losing control.

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Muscle Endurance

What is Muscle Endurance?

The ability to sustain low-intensity muscular activity for extended periods of time and resist fatigue.

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What is Phrasing?

In relation to music; a short passage or segment, often consisting of four measures or forming part of a larger unit. There are two types of phrasing in songs, both lyrical and musical.


What is Power?

The ability to apply maximum force in the shortest amount of time combining strength and speed.

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What is Powerhouse?

The group of muscles in the center of your body encompassing the abdomen, lower and upper back, hips, buttocks, pelvic floor, and inner thighs; often used in Pilates as your core.


What are Progressions?

A change in difficulty level, the act or an instance of moving from one thing in a sequence to the next. Example: Perfecting a push up from the knees and then increasing the difficulty by doing a push up from the feet or progressing a crow in yoga to a full inversion.

Progressive Overload

What is Progressive Overload?

Greater demand (intensity or duration) continually placed on the body in incremental stages. If overload is not present, adaptation will not occur. If overload is too great, overtraining may occur.


What is Qualitative?

Referring to characteristics as opposed to measurements based on the quantity. Example: How precise the movement, as opposed to how many you did.


What is Quantitative?

The numerical amount. Example: how many reps/sets, revolutions, watts, or how much weight, distance, time completed.


What is Recovery?

The time between workouts or exercises that allows the body time to adapt, grow, and prepare for the next physical demands.


What is Reformer?

A piece of resistance exercise equipment designed by Joseph Pilates, consisting of a platform that moves back and forth along a carriage. Resistance is provided by your bodyweight and by springs attached to the carriage and platform.

Relative Strength

What is Relative Strength?

The muscle force exerted in relation to body weight; the ratio of muscle strength to the ability to accelerate or decelerate these muscles.

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What is ROM?

Range Of Motion


What are Rounds?

A timed event or number of reps that may repeat. Most often used in Muay Thai, Pro Box, Cardio Kickbox, and MMA Conditioning.


What is RPE?

Rate of Perceived Exertion; usually based on a 1-10 scale of self-subjectivity.


What is RPM?

Revolutions Per Minute (A revolution on a bike is one full turn of the wheel; one revolution is two pedal strokes.)

SAID Principal

What is SAID Principal?

Specific Adaptation to Imposed Demands; when the body is placed under some form of stress, it starts to make adaptations that will allow the body to get better at withstanding that specific form of stress in the future.


What is Sanskrit?

The classical language of Indian and the liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. Sanskrit means “refined,” “consecrated,” and “sanctified.” You will hear yoga instructors often refer to poses in their Sanskrit name.


What is a Sequence?

The order of assigned exercises. Example: the order of poses in Ashtanga Yoga, Primary Series.


What are Series?

A group or a number of related or similar exercises, arranged or occurring in order of succession or sequence.


What is Specificity?

An adaptation to exercises that are specific to training stimuli. Example: If you train your cardiovascular system it will improve, but the cardiovascular training will not improve your flexibility, and visa versa.


What is Speed?

The ability to perform a movement as quickly as possible.

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Speed Sets

What are Speed Sets?

Sets done in succession with little to no rest.


What are Splits?

A running and cycling term referring to the time it takes to complete a specific distance; usually separated or divided into portions of the whole. Example: I ran a 400 in 76 seconds and my average 100 split time was 18 seconds.


What is Static?

Without any visible movement in the angle of the joint; also known as isometric. Example: Plank, holding a Warrior II in yoga, etc..


What are Stations?

A specified location or place for a particular purpose or exercise. Example: In Athletic Conditioning, instructors will set up 4-6 stations and participants will switch stations on a 1 minute interval. Or, in X Train you gather your tools and will have your own station for the entire class.


What is Stillness?

A state of freedom from distraction, disturbance, or restlessness with or without movement.

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What is Strength?

Classes that focus on improving absolute or relative strength through resistance training; the ability of muscles to generate force against a resistance.


What is Structure?

We’re only as strong as our weakest link. STUDIOMIX Structure classes address weak point training and common injury prevention for athletes and beginners. You’ll use a variety of methods to become stronger, faster, and more athletic. Don’t worry if you’re not an athlete. You’ll soon feel like one.


What is Tabata?

A strictly timed workout format- 20 seconds of any high intensity exercise followed by 10 seconds of rest, for 8 rounds (4 minutes total).


What is Technique?

The ability to execute any given movement with proper mechanics.

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What is Tempo?

The rate or speed at which music is played or beats within a song. In a tempo based class, such as Cardio Kickbox and Studio Cycle Mix, instructors will set their music to the speed at which they want you to move.


What is Tower?

The name of the small group Pilates class where the Wall Unit is used.


What is Volume?

The quantity of reps/sets, distance, revolutions, watts, or time completed.

Wall Unit

What is a Wall Unit?

A piece of vertical Pilates equipment using springs, push through bar, and high mat; a condensed version of the Cadillac, but mounted to a wall.

Work to Rest Ratio

What is Work to Rest Ratio?

The relationship between exertion and recovery.